An executive agreement[1] is an agreement between the heads of government of two or more nations that has not been ratified by the legislature when treaties are ratified. Executive agreements are considered politically binding in order to distinguish them from legally binding treaties. The Council of State Governments` National Center for Interstate Compacts has created an online Interstate Compacts database available under The database allows you to search for the name of the compact, the Land, the thematic category, the year of introduction and the keyword. The information provided on each covenant includes the parties, quotations on where the covenant appears in the respective statutes of those States and, in many cases, a PDF version of the covenant and/or a link to the website of the Commission or another intergovernmental authority established by the Covenant. The Interstate Compacts, which are included in the database, include different states and address a wide range of issues such as nature protection and the environment, education, insurance, taxation, and other issues. In the summer of 1787, the delegates of the Constitutional Convention debated the structure and powers of a new legislative body. One of the questions they asked was: Should the power of contracting be within the legislative or executive branch? According to the articles of Confederation, a treaty could be concluded with the agreement of nine of the thirteen states or two-thirds. Some delegates, such as Charles Pinckney of South Carolina, insisted that the Senate, where each state was represented on an equal footing, had the exclusive power to enter into contracts. Alexander Hamilton argued that the executive should exercise powers related to foreign relations and should therefore have the power to enter into contracts “with the Council and the approval of the Senate.” In the end, Hamilton`s argument proved to be the most convincing. The date of approval by Congress is not set in the Constitution, so approval can be given either before or after the approval of a given pact by the states. Consent can be explicit, but can also be inferred from the circumstances.

Congress may also impose conditions as part of its approval of a pact. [2] Congress must expressly approve any pact that would increase the political power of the states in a way that would interfere with the power of the federal government. [3] The ratification of the conventions of nine states is sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the states that ratify it. from time to time it shall provide Congress with information on the State of the Union and recommend to them such measures as it deems necessary and appropriate; He may summon the two houses or one of them on extraordinary occasions and, in the event of disagreement between them concerning the date of the postponement, he may postpone them to the date he considers appropriate; receives ambassadors and other public ministers; He will ensure that the laws are faithfully enforced and will engage all officers in the United States.