Brazil has about 4,700 Indians and 1,000 Brazilians in India. The agreement would promote inclusion and justice for Indians living in Brazil and vice versa. Aggregation of contribution deadlines (in two countries) to avoid loss of benefits (totalization). The agreement also provides disability insurance benefits for Indian nationals working abroad. As at the time of the date, India signed SSAs with 18 countries. SSAs offer the benefits of preventing dual social security contributions by workers (replacement); The ease of transfer of services (export capacity); and aggregation of contribution deadlines (in two countries) to avoid loss of benefits (totalization). The signed agreement is hosted on the ministry`s website and on the website of the Worker`s Provident Organization for stakeholder information, so that they can obtain coverage certificates in order to avoid double social security contributions. The agreement also authorizes the export of social benefits for Indian workers after their relocation from Brazil. India and Brazil are likely to sign 15 agreements in the areas of social security, bioenergy, cybersecurity, health and medicine during Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro`s ongoing visit to India. On 11 December 2019, the EU cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Modi, approved the signing of the social security agreement between India and Brazil. The Social Security Agreement is signed by India with several other countries to protect the interests of professionals and skilled workers living abroad, in order to prevent workers from making double social security contributions (replacement); The agreement also provides disability insurance benefits for Indian nationals working abroad. The idea of signing social security agreements designed for the June 2016 bric-a-brac meeting of BRICS labour and labour ministers in New Delhi. It was also highlighted at the 8th BRICS Summit.

After the summit, India and Brazil began their negotiations and finalized the text of the social security agreement. The idea of concluding pacts on social security programmes with the BRICS was discussed at the bricS labour ministers` meetings in Geneva on 9 June 2016 and 27-28 September 2016 in New Delhi. The possibility of concluding social security agreements between the BRICS countries is also mentioned in the Goa declaration of the 8th BRICS Summit of Heads of State and Government.