Turkey first applied for membership of the European Economic Community (EEC) in July 1959, with the EEC established in 1958. The EEC responded by proposing the establishment of an association as an interim measure leading to full membership. This led to negotiations that culminated in the Ankara Agreement on 12 September 1963. [1] With the European Union replacing the EEC with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the Ankara Agreement now governs relations between Turkey and the EU. [6] [7] The agreement establishing an association between the Republic of Turkey and the European Economic Community (in Turkish: Ankara Anla-mas) is a treaty signed in 1963 that provides for the framework for cooperation between Turkey and the European Union (EU). The Ankara Agreement was signed in Ankara on 12 September 1963. [2] The agreement launched a three-step process to establish a customs union to ensure Turkey`s full membership of the EEC. The creation of the customs union would begin with the integration of the economic and trade policy that the EEC considered necessary. Under Article 6, paragraph 1, of The Association Council`s Decision 1/80, Turkish nationals who are legally employed in a Community Member State for a period of time have the right to remain or change jobs in that Member State:[8] The agreement was aimed at the free movement of workers, branches and services, including almost complete harmonisation of EU policies linked to the internal market. However, it excluded Turkey from any political position and ruled out an appeal to the European Court of Justice for dispute resolution to some extent. [5] In 1970, Turkey and the EEC agreed on an additional protocol to the agreement.

[3] The agreement, its additional protocol and the decisions of the Association Council are part of EEC law. The European Court of Justice has ruled that the Latter grant Turkish nationals and businesses special rights that EEC Member States must respect under EU law. Part of the agreement was the EEC`s financial assistance to Turkey, including loans of ECU 175 million for the period 1963-1970. The results were mixed; The TRADE concessions granted by the ERC to Turkey in the form of tariff quotas have been less effective than expected, but the ESEC`s share of Turkish imports has increased considerably during this period [4]. A Turkish national who works legally at par or during a student may be considered a worker. [9] An association council established by the agreement controls its development and gives the agreement a detailed effect through decisions.