(a) CRIMES CONTRE PEACE: namely the planning, preparation, initiation or conduct of a war of aggression or war in violation of international treaties, agreements or assurances or participation in a common plan or conspiracy to implement one of the previous agreements; The UN Ombudsman on Cyprus, Dr Galo Plaza[1], called the 1960 Constitution, created by the Zurich and London Agreements, “constitutional weirdness” and that the difficulties of implementing the treaties signed on the basis of these agreements began almost immediately after independence. [2] The Constitution under the agreements divided the Cypriot people into two communities based on ethnic origin. The president should be a Greek Cypriot, elected by the Greek Cypriots, and the vice-president a Turkish Cypriot elected by the Turkish Cypriots. The Vice-President was granted a final veto over the laws enacted by the House of Representatives and the decisions of the Council of Ministers, composed of ten ministers, three of whom are Turkish Cypriots and were appointed by the Vice-President. “Of course, it would be extravagant to say that such agreements or processes can make it impossible to wage aggressive war or persecution of minorities, just as it would be extravagant to claim that our federal laws make federal crime impossible. But we cannot doubt that they strengthen the bulwarks of peace and tolerance. The four nations, through their prosecutors and their representatives at the Tribunal, have issued standards of behaviour that give man new wills and which future statesmen will not deviate lightly from. These criteria, according to which the Germans were convicted, become a condemnation of any incredulous nation. On August 8, 1945, the United States, England, France and the Soviet Union signed the London Agreement. The London Agreement charter has become the basis for trials before the IMT in Nuremberg.

In the summer of 1945, Robert H. Jackson and his team, including his son William E. Jackson, worked for two months to reach consensus among the Allies. Jackson`s energy, intelligence and leadership guided the London conference. The jurisdiction of the Court of Justice has been exposed to section 6 of the Charter. This section defined the crimes that could be charged against the accused; Crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity. b) WAR CRIMES: that is, violations of the laws or customs of war. These violations include, among others, murder, ill-treatment or deportation for the purpose of slavery or other purposes of the civilian population of the occupied territory, the killing or ill-treatment of prisoners of war or persons at sea, the killing of hostages, the looting of public or private property, the deliberate destruction of towns or villages or devastation that are not justified by military necessity; For the provisional government of the French Republic For the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, “Jackson spent a month, a tenacious month, deliberate, detailed, arguing that it was right, and one of the fundamental characteristics of the law is that it is universal. If it really had to be something that existed and could be applied by us just to those we defeated, then it had to be something that was general.

In the famous words that Jackson used months later at trial, it can`t be a poisoned cut if we put it on their lips, we also put it on our own lips, and it took a month of incredible sessions to put the Soviet Union in that position. The agreement was signed by ten countries: Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.